Gardening

Endive, chicory: from sowing to harvest


Endive, also known as chicory, is a delicious vegetable that is eaten both raw and cooked.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Cichorium
Family : Asteraceae
Type : Vegetable

Height : 20 to 50 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Ordinary

Harvest : November to March

Growing is easy and the harvest often generous when following these tips.

  • Read also: health benefits and virtues of chicory

Planting chicory endive

For a good chicory culture, do a sowing in place from the month of May.

The smart gardener mixes the very fine seeds with dry sand so as to best distribute the seedling when planting.

  • Space the seedlings about 25 cm and clear up about 15/20 cm from the first leaves appear.

Forcing and harvesting endive

Forcing has improved a lot thanks to genetic innovations in recent years. It has become much simpler and is easily done in a cellar, in a pot or in a crate filled with peat.

  • In October / November, pull up the plants from your May sowing.

  • Cut the foliage 1 to 2 centimeters from the root.

  • Even out the roots together so that they are all the same length.

  • Choose a dark place: cellar, light-tight crate, or a trench outside.

  • Install the roots next to each other, and cover them with potting soil and possibly compost.

  • Harvest 3 to 4 weeks later by breaking the endive at its base.

It is possible to harvest 2 endive crops from the same root a few weeks apart. You just have to leave the root in the sand after the 1st harvest.

Smart tip

Do not throw away the roots after harvesting, because many small “endivettes” will then appear that you can harvest as they come.

Space the forcing out in time to harvest your endives throughout the winter.

Read also: health benefits and virtues of chicory

Video: Growing Chicory with a Pea Vine Mulch (October 2020).