Gardening

Banana tree: a plant with magnificent foliage


Considered the tallest herb in the world, the banana tree is a plant that can be grown in our climates.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Musa
Type : Herbaceous plant

Height
: 1 to 7 m depending on varieties and climate
Exposure : Very bright
Ground : Soil

Foliage
: Persistent or obsolete depending on the climate

  • To read also: benefits and virtues of bananas for health

Maintenance of the banana tree, how and when to plant it, what watering and what diseases?

These are all the questions we ask ourselves when we are lucky enough to have a banana tree at home. (Photo © oatautta)

Banana plantation

The cultivation of bananas indoors is quite possible. Choose a variety of dwarf banana.

In pot, banana tree indoors:

The banana tree claims a good soil that you will possibly mix with 1/3 of compost if you have some.

In order to facilitate drainage, place at the bottom of the pot a bed of gravel, small pebbles or clay balls.
This will prevent the underground rods from bathing in water, which could be fatal.

  • Install your banana tree in a good size pot filled with special soil for indoor plants or green plants.
  • Although it is necessary to repot in spring every 2 to 3 years, apart from that, prefer a surfacing regular which will perfectly meet the plant's need for growing support.
  • Indoors, avoid direct sunlight as this dries out the foliage too quickly
  • From mid-May it is possible to take out your banana tree and leave it outside until the end of summer

Banana tree outdoors :

For growing bananas outdoors, choose a variety of rustic banana.

The planting period is in spring and summer.

As with planting in pots, do not hesitate to lay a bed of gravel, small pebbles or clay balls in order to facilitate drainage.

  • You will then plant it in a mixture of potting soil, garden soil and sand.

In general, the banana tree does not do not tolerate winter cold, it will then tend to lose its leaves from 2 ° and must be protected in winter.

But he should leave the following spring because its roots are more resistant to cold, down to -19 °. The tropical bananas do not withstand temperatures less than 10 ° and cannot be grown only in greenhouse.

Exhibition for a banana tree

The choice of exposure can be important in improving the growth of your banana over the seasons.

Banana tree indoors:

In our climates, the banana tree adapts perfectly to the interior of our houses and apartments.
It grows well when the temperature is around 18-22 ° and requires very good light but no direct sun.

Behind a glass it is better avoid too much exposure to the sun which could dry out your banana tree.
Therefore, prefer the proximity of a window facing west in order to bathe it in maximum light.

If you live in a dark house, avoid buying a banana tree because it shouldn't stand the absence of light too much.

Banana tree outdoors:

Ideally, plant it on the south side, along a wall sheltered from the wind.

Watering the banana tree

Indoors, it is important to spray the leaves regularly with water to recreate the conditions of its natural environment which is rather humid.

For a beautiful growth and beautiful foliage you can add somegreen plant fertilizer.

Watering in spring and summer:

It is usually the growth period for the banana tree.
For the potted banana, water everything regularly in allowing the soil to dry on the surface between 2 waterings.

Outdoors, watering must therefore be regular but measured so as not to suffocate the roots of the plant.
We can say that watering every 2 to 3 days is often necessary, especially in cases of heavy upheaval.

Every two weeks or so, you can bring him someliquid fertilizer, taking care to moisten the soil well beforehand.

Watering in autumn and winter:

You have to start with gently reduce watering because the plant has more limited needs.
As soon as the soil becomes dry for a few centimeters, water in order to moisten all the soil.

Finally, it is necessary to stop all fertilizer input from October and until March-April.

The banana tree does not produce bananas, why?

In europe, the climate makes it difficult for bananas to grow because it is too cool there.

For Europe, the banana production mainly comes from 4 regions in the world: Guadeloupe, Martinique, the Canary Islands and Madeira.

For the rest of the world, it is mostly India, Brazil, other countries in Central and South America.

If you want to have bananas indoors with your banana tree, you will have to recreate the tropical conditions of its natural environment, in particular:

  • Duration of sunshine approximately equal to that of the night
  • High ambient humidity

Banana diseases

Well maintained, the banana tree is quite not very sensitive to diseases and parasites.

Indoors, bananas may be prone to attack by mealybugs and D'red spiders.

But if you notice an anomaly, do not hesitate to ask a question about the forum to get a quick answer.

Read also :

  • Did you know that plants cleanse the air in our interiors

To know about the banana tree

The banana tree is not a shrub but a herbaceous plant because it does not have a trunk. They say this is the tallest grass in the world.

If the sub-tropical bananas adapt to our climates, tropical bananas are freezing and should only be grown in greenhouses, winter gardens or indoors.

Both aesthetic and very easy to grow, it is part of most popular houseplants for houses and apartments.

Its foliage is particularly elegant and gives a touch of exoticism in his living room, living room or any other well-lit room in the house.

  • To read also: benefits and virtues of bananas for health

Nutritional values ​​of bananas:

Bananas are a fruit high energy value and very interesting for athletes.

It is high in carbohydrates like sugars and starch.

Video: Banana natural rooting hormone.. (October 2020).