Garden flowers

Chrysanthemum: a plant of great beauty


The chrysanthemum is a magnificent plant for flowering gardens and terraces.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Chrysanthemum
Family : Asteraceae
Type : Annual and perennial (depending on species)

Height
: 40 to 100 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Ordinary

Flowering
: June to November

Planting and maintenance tips, here's how to have beautiful chrysanthemums in the fall and at the time of All Saints.

Read also: The chrysanthemum amazes and brings joy

Planting chrysanthemums

Chrysanthemum crashes ideally in spring because, although it will not flower until late summer or fall, it will take root well and withstand the rigors of fall and winter much better.

  • Place young plants in spring in amended, well-drained soil

The chrysanthemums we buy in a pot in the fall can be planted directly in the ground, in pots or in a planter, ideally with potting soil but their hardiness will be less.

  • You will choose a place sunny in order to promote flowering.

Perennial chrysanthemums:

  • Chrysanthemums can be sown from March to May in the nursery or be planted directly in the spring.
  • Multiplication of perennial chrysanthemums by division of the tuft in spring

Annual Chrysanthemums:

These are notably the chrysanthemums of Toussaint.

  • annuals, called daisies, can be sown from February-March in the nursery.
  • Then put in place in the spring, keeping a spacing of about 50 cm.
  • You can also sow directly in place from the month of may

Care and watering of the chrysanthemum

The chrysanthemum requires relatively little care and maintenance other than watering regularly when it is not raining.

  • Remove the faded flowers as you go, this helps the appearance of new flowers.
  • Water when the soil is dry, especially for container use as chrysanthemums require moist soil to thrive.
  • It is not necessary not wet the foliage to prevent the onset of diseases such as rust or powdery mildew.

Chrysanthemum diseases

Chrysanthemums are subject to a few diseases and pests that are preventable, however, especially by avoiding wetting the foliage and by spacing each plant sufficiently so that they do not touch each other.

  • Powdery mildew : a whitish film covers the leaves and stems
  • Rust : pustules appear on the underside of the leaves
  • Aphids : leaves curl and eventually fall.

To know about the chrysanthemum

The chrysanthemum is from Korea but today it is a cult plant in Japan where it has become the favorite flower of the Japanese.

She is called over there thefall flowerand she is the symbol of pleasure and happiness.

There exists a very large variety of chrysanthemums.

They are known for their pink, red, orange, yellow or white hues.

They have the advantage of bloom late, until the month of November, and thus come to decorate our gardens advantageously when flowers are starting to become scarce.

They are also planted potted to flower balconies and terraces.

  • To do this, prefer a good soil for flowering plants, which will have the advantage of retaining moisture because the plant needs it.

The chrysanthemum has a great capacity of adaptation and will be as well in bed, in pot or in container but also to adorn a flower bed.

Smart tip

If you want to choose the color, buy them in a pot (container) when they start to flower and plant them in your garden.

If you live in an area with a mild climate and it doesn't freeze, you can enjoy the blooming chrysanthemum for a long time.

Video: HOW TO DIVIDE CRYSANTHEMUMS DIVIDING AND PLANTING FALL MUMS (October 2020).