What maintenance for a dracaena, how and when to repot it, what watering and what diseases.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Dracaena, dragon tree
Family : Agavaceae
Type : Houseplant
Height : 1 to 2 m indoors
Exposure : Very bright, even sunny
Ground : Soil
Foliage : Persistent
These are all the questions you might ask yourself when you are lucky enough to have a magnificent dragon tree.
There are many different varieties and foliage but they all look the same.
Repotting dracaena in a pot:
The dracaena claims a good soil that you will possibly mix with 1/3 of compost if you have some.
In order to facilitate drainage, place a bed of gravel, small pebbles or clay balls at the bottom of the pot.
This operation prevents the roots from bathing in water, which could be fatal to him.
- So install your dracaena in a good-sized pot filled with special houseplant or green plant soil.
- Although it is necessary to repot in spring every 2 to 3 years, apart from that, prefer a surfacing regular which will perfectly meet the plant's need for growing support.
- Some species like goldieana, sanderana and surculosa do not have no need to be repotted because their growth is very slow.
As with planting in pots, do not hesitate to lay a bed of gravel, small pebbles or clay balls in order to better drain water.
You will then plant it in a mixture of potting soil, garden soil and sand.
In general, dracaena does not do not tolerate the cold and will only grow outdoors in a relatively hot climate (temperature does not drop below 17-18 °)
Only the species dracena draco will withstand temperatures dropping down to 1 or 2 °.
In our climates, dracaena adapts well indoors of our houses and apartments.
It thrives well when temperatures are around 20-22 ° and requires very good light and even the sun
So prefer the proximity of a window facing south or west in order to bathe it in the maximum amount of light and sun.
If you live in a rather dark place, avoid buying a dracaena because it shouldn't take too much of the absence of light.
Watering the dracaena
Throughout the year, spray water, rather non-calcareous, on the foliage.
- In spring and summer:
Usually this is the growing season for dracaena.
Water regularly while allowing the soil to dry on the surface between 2 waterings.
Watering must therefore be regular but measured so as not to suffocate the roots of the plant.
We can say that watering every 4 to 5 days is usually more than enough.
Every two weeks or so, you can bring him someliquid fertilizer, taking care to moisten the soil well beforehand.
- From fall and winter:
It is necessary to start by gently reducing the waterings because the plant has more limited needs.
As soon as the soil becomes dry for a few centimeters, water so as to moisten all the soil.
We can say that one to two waterings per month should be sufficient.
But it also depends on the location of your dracaena, if it is in full sun its needs may be greater.
It is necessary that stop all fertilizer input from October and until March-April.
Diseases of dracaena
Falling or wilting leaves:
It is without a doubt a lack of light or too much water.
- So find a brighter location and reduce watering by following our advice above.
The dracaena loses its leaves:
This is what happens when the dracaena is too cold.
- Find a more suitable place for it, it needs a minimum temperature of 18-19 ° and ideally 20-22 °.
The leaves are turning yellow :
If the plant continues to make new leaves, this is the natural evolution of your dracaena. Trees, even when they are evergreen, shed their leaves to renew them.
- If no new growth appears and your dracaena looks gray, it may be a red spider attack due to a too dry atmosphere.
It is then necessary to treat as quickly as possible with an insecticide.
A light cottony white down appears, the leaves fade and become discolored:
It must be a mealybug attack.
- You can remove mealybugs with a cloth dampened in methylated spirits, being sure to wash off the foliage with clean water.
- Find your mealybug control tips
To know about the dracaena
Contrary to what some varieties suggest, the dracaena is not a palm tree.
But its likeness is confusing, and the maintenance it needs is often close to that of a palm tree.
Attractive, resistant and very easy to grow, it is one of the most popular and best-selling houseplants.
Its foliage is particularly elegant and original while its general appearance gives a touch of exoticism to its living room, living room or any other well-lit room in the house.
- The lifespan of dracaena can be long as long as you do not face the diseases that sometimes affect these trees.
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