Trees and shrubs

Myrtle: floriferous and fragrant


Myrtle is a small, original, floriferous and very decorative shrub.

It is appreciated all year round for its flowering, fragrance and berries.

Last name : Myrtus communis
Family : Myrtaceae
Type : Shrub

Height
: 3 to 5 m
Exposure : Rather sunny
Ground : Ordinary, well drained

Foliage
: Persistent -Flowering : June to October

Myrtle plantation

Myrtle is a plant of Mediterranean origin that does not tolerate extreme cold, especially when it is prolonged.

Myrtle is best plantedin autumn in order to promote rooting and resumption in spring.

Planting myrtle in spring is possible but it will be necessary to provide for regular watering the first year after planting.

> Myrtle likes rather sunny situations.
> It likes rich, well-drained soils, this is where it flowers best.
> Adding an amendment when planting improves recovery and rooting.
> Water well during the first 2 years after planting.

Myrtle in pot:

You can also plant the myrtle in pot outside by avoiding periods of frost or high heat.

Potted myrtle is ideal in areas with harsh winters because it can be tucked into an unheated greenhouse or veranda during winter.

Myrtle cutting

Myrtle multiplies quite easily by twig cuttings, this is the easiest method of multiplication.

Myrtle cuttings take place in spring or summer, on semi-hardened wood, that is to say that has not yet hardened or browned but is in the hardening phase.

  • Take twigs of myrtle about 15 cm.
  • Remove the bottom leaves so that only one or 2 pair (s) of leaves are left.
  • Plant the cuttings in special cutting soil or a mixture of peat and river sand.
  • Keep the substrate slightly damp.

Protect your cuttings before winter,

  • Protect your myrtle cuttings with a tunnel, greenhouse or any other means to keep them at a temperature above 5 °.

Transplant in spring,

  • After any risk of frost, around mid-May, transplant into a larger pot.
  • Planting your myrtle cuttings in the ground will take place the following fall.

Read also: understand the technique of cuttings

Pruning and caring for myrtle

If no pruning is really necessary for this shrub, which rarely exceeds 5 m in height, you can balance or reduce the antlers myrtleIn early spring in a gentle way.

To keep the growth compact, cut the year-old shoots in half after flowering.

You will be able improve flowering by regularly bringing a liquid organic fertilizer, especially in houseplants where the soil is more prone to impoverish.

To know about myrtle

Also called “Nerte” or “Herbe du Lagui”, myrtle is native to the Mediterranean basin.

It offers a pretty summer bloom of white color, generally from June to October, delicately scented.

It is then adorned with black berries that are used to make liqueur, especially in Corsica and Sardinia.

Myrtle has therapeutic virtues recognized for a long time, in particular as tonic and antiseptic.

The leaves are used as an infusion to treat wounds and ulcers as well as digestive and urinary disorders.

Smart tip

You should water regularly in summer but not excessively, taking care to water in the evening to avoid evaporation.

Video: The Southern Wax Myrtle (October 2020).