Fruit trees

Alsace Quetsche plum


The Quetsche d'Alsace plum, magnificent from spring to autumn, offers abundant harvests of Quetsches.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Prunus domestica
Family : Rosaceae
Type : Tree fruit tree

Height
: 5 to 6 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich enough

Foliage
: Obsolete
Flowering : March April
Harvest : July to September

  • To read : The plum, history, culture and use in cooking

Planting, maintenance and pruning are important to prevent disease.

Planting the Quetsche plum from Alsace

Prefer a plantation to autumn or to spring but always avoiding periods of frost.

Remember that for all fruit trees, the best planting time is fall because it is during this period that the conditions for recovery in the spring will be the best.

  • The plum tree likes rather sunny situations to give good plums
  • Expect your plum tree to reach full adult size within a few years, so it will need room to develop.
  • During the first weeks, water regularly provided it does not freeze.
  • So prefer watering during the day because the nights are often much cooler.
  • To ensure a good development to your plum tree, consult our planting advice.

Pruning of the Quetsche d'Alsace plum

General principle of size:

It is recommended to prune the strictly necessary because plum trees become susceptible to all types of injuries and therefore diseases.
After each intervention, therefore apply a healing putty of the Norway tar type to protect it from fungi and other diseases.

Plum tree formation size:

You can nevertheless practice a training size the first year to form the frame of the tree. To do this, prune your tree so that you have 3 or 4 main branches facing outwards.

Like all stone trees and in particular the Cherry tree, pruning is done in late summer or early fall.

After the plum harvest:

Once you have harvested the plums, remove the dead wood and fragile branches.
Remove the fruits that are left on the tree, often diseased, and destroy them.

Finally, remove rejections, that is, the shoots that develop at the foot of the tree.

To know about the Quetsche d'Alsace plum

The Quetsche d'Alsace plum is a fruit tree whose fruits are used to consume fresh Quetsche d'Alsace but we also like to use them to make plum jams, liqueur, pastries or even dried fruits such as prunes of Agen.

The plum tree is also a very ornamental tree because its flowering is generous in early spring and its very interesting foliage until the leaves fall

Fruiting will be all the more abundant if the Quetsche d'Alsace plum is amended with manure in the fall and fertilized with a fruit tree fertilizer in the spring.

This relatively old variety is one of the best known and one of the tastiest. We particularly like it for its juicy and sweet flesh.
Smart tip about the plum tree:

A mulching at the base of the tree prevents the growth of weeds, protects the roots from cold in winter and from evaporation of water in summer.

Diseases and insects in plum trees

  • Rust : orange brown pustule under the leaves
  • Aphids : the leaves curl up and lose their original color
  • Scab : brown spots on fruits and leaves

Moniliosis : plums rot on the plum tree


© B.Grateful

Video: Tarte Lorraine aux quetsches. Fred et Camille Cuisine (October 2020).