Escarole is a salad appreciated for its leaves but also for its easy cultivation and resistance to cold.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Cichorium endivia or latifolium
Family : Asteraceae
Type : Annual
Height : 20 to 30 cm
Exposure : Sunny and partial shade
Ground : Ordinary
Harvest : About 6 weeks after sowing
Escarole is often grown in summer and fall, but it can also be sown earlier for a spring harvest.
She then sows herself under cover and online of February to October. The sooner we start, the more it will be necessary to protect your seedlings from chassis, bells or tunnel.
Concerning the summer sowing, know that escarole likes a certain freshness to develop well
Spring escarole: Seedling in the nursery in February / March.
Remove the tunnel as soon as the frosts end.
In all cases, it will be appropriate to thin out to 25/30 cm as soon as the first leaves appear.
You should also know that escarole grows very well in pots or in a planter and that you can therefore enjoy it on your balcony or terrace.
If you want to avoid the sowing stage, it is possible to buy your escaroles in pots or in pots ready to plant.
You will then plant them in the ground, whether in vegetable garden or in a ferry on a terrace or balcony.
- Respect a distance of 30 cm between each escarole and water regularly.
- Again only plant what you need and renew the plantings regularly
Blanch the escarole
As soon as the escarole is of sufficient size, it is important to blanch it.
The escarole is blanched to remove bitterness from the leaves before consuming them.
- This operation lasts ten days
- With thread or raffia, raise the leaves and surround them so as to gather them towards the heart
- Cover with an opaque bell or a terracotta pot
- Continue to water if you think your escaroles are lacking in water
It is preferable to blanch as and when you need it because, once bleached, the escarole is harvested for less time.
- Some varieties have the particularity of bleaching on their own
Escaroles have the particularity of resisting the first colds well and will therefore resist the fall better.
After forcing, harvest your escaroles by cutting directly at the collar.
Growing escarole in winter
escarole is one of the most cold-resistant salads.
It is possible to harvest escarole all year round but also during the winter period.
- You will sowAugust to October, directly in place.
- Protect your escaroles anyway before the first frost if necessary
As soon as the first cold weather arrives, you go protect your seedlings and crops with a small greenhouse, a tunnel or any other support allowing your escarole to grow despite the frost and allowing a maximum of light to pass through.
To know about escarole
Subspecies ofendive, escarole is relatively easy to grow, escarole requires little maintenance throughout its growth, apart from regular but measured watering.
Annual of the asteraceae family, escarole is relatively poor in energy value while containing a large amount of potassium and digestive virtues.
There are also trace elements, fiber, minerals and vitamins essential for the proper development of our organizations.
- You will understand, the salad has many advantages, both for its ease of cultivation and for its nutritional qualities.
Vary the escarole sowing periods as well as the varieties in order to have escarole almost throughout the year ...