Quince or Cydonia vulgaris, from the quince tree is a fruit full of benefits and green for health.
This pear-shaped yellow fruit belongs to the Rosaceae family. Quince is native to Asia Minor, it can reach 5 m tall. In spring, it blooms pink or white flowers.
The quince is found in the fall.
In France we find its 3 varieties of quince: the champion, the Giant of Vranja, the quince of Portugal.
Quince is the origin of the word "marmalade". Indeed, it derives from the Greek, "marmelada" which means quince jam.
Read also: cultivating quince to have beautiful quinces
The quince, for the record:
Quince had been cultivated for more than 4000 years before Jesus Christ, on the shores of the Caspian Sea.
The Greeks loved it with honey. They likened this fruit to Aphrodite, goddess of love and fertility.
The Romans used quince for its aromas in perfumery.
The Arabs used it for its medicinal properties.
In the Middle Ages, the rich savored it regularly, as a sign of their power.
Quince: health benefits and virtues
The quince takes care of your intestines.
The quince is a anti-diarrhea very powerful, thanks to 2 components:
- The fibers present in large quantities (6g / 100g), (pectin mainly), retain water.
- The tannins (70 mg / 100g) slow down contractions of the digestive tract and therefore the progression of food bolus.
Combined, fiber and tannins are excellent for preventing diarrhea, they ensure the regulation of transit.
Quince also has an antiseptic property and preserves the intestinal mucosa.
The quince is astringent.
At the gastric level, the quince soothes heartburn.
Fibers also play another essential role: they participate in the reduction in cholesterol levels. This lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity.
The quince helps in healing. It softens in case of cracks, cracks or burns.
In herbal medicine, quince is used to treat liver failure, as well as tuberculosis.
Quince can also reduce sore throat.
Quince seeds fluidize the respiratory tract, they are expectorants. They are used in case of bronchitis.
In external use, we recommend quince jelly as a treatment preventive pressure ulcers.
Thus, quince is recommended in the diet of children and the elderly.
However, it is contraindicated in pregnant women because it contains a lot of mucilages, responsible for bloating.
Indications for quince: in case of digestive disorders, inflammation of the mucous membranes, in prevention of cardiovascular diseases and bedsores, joint or muscle pain, bronchitis.
> Internal use:
In infusion, the leaves and flowers of quince soothe coughs and reduce fever.
Quince juice: to accelerate the healing of skin wounds or soften chapped skin, soak a compress in quince juice and apply it to the area.
Quince in the kitchen
Quince is the only fruit we eat cooked! Its flesh is hard as a stone and its taste is bitter and pungent.
Quince is low in carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
He brings 25 kcal / 100g. However, the calorie balance is loaded when cooking quince, which requires sugar. (not recommended for diabetics)
It also provides vitamin C (15 mg / 100g), but during cooking this content decreases. It contains smaller amounts of group B vitamins and pro vitamin A (beta carotene).
Quince is also loaded with minerals: potassium (200 mg / 100g), phosphorus (19mg / 100g) and calcium (14 mg / 100g).
Cook the quince in compote, in jam, in Quince Jelly, in dough of quince.
We also like it as a tarte tatin, baked in the oven.
Dare the sweet - salty: quince in a lamb tagine with quinceor one quince pie and duck sausage.
In compote: 10-15g of sugar for 100g of quince
For jam: 100g of quince for half the sugar.
> Try the recipe forQuince Jellyby Paloup
In puree, the quince goes very well with your dishes.
Choosing the right quince: When ripe, the quince is yellow in color. It is covered with a light down.
Keep it well: It keeps very well for several weeks, in a cool place.
To perfume your cupboards, place a quince in it. It will deliver a very pleasant smell.
Beauty tip : Quince seeds are widely used in cosmetology because they contain oil and mucilage, vegetable substances which on contact with water swell and take on a viscous texture.
Cracks: Crush a handful of quince seeds in half a glass of lukewarm water. Apply this preparation on the chapped skin.
Eye strain: add quince slices. They will act as an anti-inflammatory.
Anti wrinkle : Crush the quince seeds in water (100g of seeds for 30cl of water). Apply the mixture to the skin and rinse.
- Read also: cultivating quince to have beautiful quinces