In the bromeliad family, I ask for tillandsia. This original plant which has no root system is very decorative.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Tillandsia
Family : Bromeliad
Type : Houseplant, epyphite perennial
Height : 30 to 50 cm indoors
Exposure : Bright, without direct sunlight
Foliage : Persistent -Flowering : Depends on varieties
Without roots, it is this peculiarity that gave its name air girl.
In its natural state, tillandsia grows where no plant does. It is thus found on rocks or trees but also cacti and sometimes even on electric poles or telephone lines.
Therefore tillandsia does not need a classified substrate to grow.
Tillandsia leaves are able to absorb moisture from the air, while a simple stream of rainwater allows them to capture the mineral salts necessary for their growth and flowering.
We can thus be satisfied with placing the tillandsia on a plant support such as a piece of wood or mineral such as volcanic rock.
Tillandsia in pots:
Some varieties of tillandsias also do well in pots.
- An orchid substrate is ideal for potted tillandsias.
Multiplication of tillandsia:
The ideal time to propagate tillandsia is in spring and summer.
- Collect suckers of at least 1 cm that grow at the base of the plant
By separating the basal shoots in the spring, cut and let the wound dry for 1 or 2 days before planting in a mixture of equal parts: leaf soil, crushed pine bark and peat.
Maintenance, watering tillandsia
Caring for tillandsia is relatively easy, especially when you understand how to water it.
Note that tillandsia is resistant to temperatures of up to 30 ° and above but will not withstand when they drop below 5 °.
For the entire watering section, note that tillandsia dreads limestone and will always be best treated with bottled water or rainwater.
Watering tillandsia is special because it consists more in spraying water on the leaves than in watering it itself.
Water, preferably non-calcareous, is thus misted on the leaves 2 to 3 times a week, or even more during periods of intense heat.
Once a week, bathe the tillandsia in water for a few minutes.
- Soak the foot in non-hard water, preferably
- Drain the plant well before putting it back on its support
Tillandsia fertilizer and flowering:
- Once a month, bathe the plant with orchid fertilizer diluted twice as much to improve the flowering of tillandsia
- They can also be given fertilizer by simply spraying it.
The most common diseases of houseplants,red spider, the cochineal, the aphids but also thepowdery mildew
- If the leaves are fading, it's probably a lack of fertilizer.
- If the lower leaves turn brown or yellow, it is probably overwatering.
- Too much sun can cause leaf burns which result in brown spots.