Gardening

What is permaculture?


Both ancestral and innovative, permaculture takes up and improves the teachings of nature to aim for abundance and food autonomy.

This principle of permanent culture, created by biologist Bill Mollison in the 1970s in Australia, is currently causing a stir.

Mainly because it is used in urban vegetable gardens growing around the world, in connection with the Incredible Edibles movement.

Its ultimate goal: to feed all people on the planet, and in a sustainable way. What a bet! "It's a movement that has gained momentum in a few years," explains Carine Mayo, author of Guide to Permaculture. It provides answers to those who want to invent a society less dependent on oil or simply find a link with nature by cultivating their garden ”.

Read also :

  • Main principles of permaculture
  • Permaculture, green manure and compost
  • The permaculture garden, self-sufficient, autonomous and profitable
  • Permaculture, at the school of nature

Against the grain of modern agriculture

"Due to monoculture and the use of chemical fertilizers, many agricultural areas are less and less usable," says Karel Schelfhout, author of the Bio Grow Book.

Based on the creation of ecosystems, permaculture then offers both a new lease of life to the earth, a new role for the gardener, a new hope for health and the consumption of plants ". Bill Mollison describes in his book his objective: “That it is possible to harvest without sowing each year, to protect the soil under permanent cover, to better combine cultivation and afforestation… [This] corresponds to so many realities observed in France and in the world, to so many ingenious methods of permaculture peasants without knowing it! ". Bill Mollison's book shows that this notion goes far beyond a farming system: it is a new vision of man in his local environment. A great encouragement to re-vegetate our gardens using this method!

The principles of permaculture

The forest, made up of several interacting ecosystems, is the basic model: a soil permanently protected, not only by natural mulching but also by the absence of any mechanical work, toxic product or chemical fertilizer, the alliance of different plants and the strong presence of multi-year plants without forgetting the presence of animals, mammals and fish, which participate in this ecosystem.

Our gardens then need to adapt these principles to plots on a human scale: "It's photosynthetic agriculture," says Bill Mollison. The first thing to do is therefore to make the best use of the free energy of the sun; hence the concern to superimpose as often as possible 2 or 3 levels of vegetation ". Over the years, the plants reseed themselves, watering is limited, the gardener is only there to observe, make a few thoughtful adjustments and harvest only what he needs.

A new conception of the ... nourishing garden

“This approach gives surprising results in gardens,” says Carine Mayo. Ideal for those who want to produce their own food, permaculture is much more than a method of cultivation, it is a philosophy, a global approach that is based on an ethics based on three pillars: taking care of the Earth , take care of humans, share resources and crops equitably ”. Sepp & Margit Brunner, authors of Permaculture for all, assure that it even corresponds to "a new vision of the world" ...

To go further, read: Introduction to permaculture - Permaculture One, by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren. The Bio Grow Book, by Karel Schelfhout and Mig, MamaEditions, € 39. The Guide to permaculture in the garden, for natural abundance, by Carine Mayo, Terre Vivante editions, € 22. Permaculture for all, by Sepp & Margit Brunner, editions du Rouergue, € 22.50.


Read also :

  • The main principles of permaculture
  • Permaculture, green manure and compost
  • The permaculture garden, self-sufficient, autonomous and profitable
  • Permaculture, at the school of nature

Claire Lelong-Lehoang

Video: What is Permaculture? By Bill Mollison, David Holmgren (October 2020).