Celery is a vegetable that consumes the roots as well as the petioles and leaves.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Apium graveolens
Family : Apiaceae
Type : Vegetable, biennial
Height : 50 to 70 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich and fresh
Harvest : Fall
- Health: benefits and virtues of celery
Autumn and winter vegetable par excellence, here are the cultivation tips over the seasons to have beautiful celery.
There are 2 main families of celery, celery whose ribs are eaten, and celeriac of which only the root is consumed.
The celery can be divided into 2 families, the celery green and the celery golden.
Planting celery plants:
Planting already formed seedlings is the easiest and most efficient way to grow celery.
Celery plants are planted in the ground from mid-April to early June depending on the climate (wait for the end of severe frosts).
> Add an amendment or mixed compost to your soil when planting.
> Prefer a rather sunny situation.
- Space the celery stems 30 cm between each plant and 35 cm between each row.
- Space the celeriac 40 cm between each plant and 40 cm between each row.
Whether it is a branch or a root, the technique of sowing celery is pretty much the same. Note that celeriac and celery are cousins but do not come from the same plant.
Sowing celery stalk:
It is carried out in spring in greenhouse or frame and can be put in place directly in the ground 2 months later.
About the ribbed celery, it is important to tie the sheets together for the to bleach.
- Sowing should be done in very light soil, with sand and barely covered
- Celery needs rich soil which must be amended before planting
- Transplant as soon as the celery has 2 or 3 leaves
The sowing period can start a little earlier, as early as February in a mild climate.
It is necessary to proceed as for the celery branch but, when transplanting in ground, remove the tip of the main root.
Avoid replant the celery in the same place before 4 years in order to let the earth replenish itself.
Growing celery from sowing to harvest requires little maintenance and offers plenty of cooking possibilities.
Celery is very greedy in organic matter. You will therefore benefit from fertilize the soil with a vegetable fertilizer during cultivation, an amendment or compost before planting.
Weed and hoe the soil regularly and water in case of hot weather or prolonged summer drought.
- Water regularly, especially in hot weather, as the water needs are great.
- If the celery lacks water, it may go to seed
The celery harvest is different depending on whether it is stalk celery or celery root.
Celery stalk harvest:
The harvest takes place between 6 and 7 months after sowing. It is usually between August and October-November.
Before harvesting, they must be blanched.
- Bring all the stems back to the center by binding them with a mound of earth
- Bring soil up to 3/4 of their height
- You can also circle the celery with an opaque plastic
As for pulling, the leaves must be cut as short as possible at the end of summer.
You can dry them and use them as an aromatic plant.
It takes place, ideally, in the waning moon. (see lunar calendar)
You can pluck the celeriac in the fall and store it for several weeks in a cool place, or leave it in the ground and pull it out as needed during the winter.
- Better to get them out of the ground before the first frosts
- Let the celery balls dry on the ground for 24 hours if the sun is shining.
Good to know about celery
Here is a rich vegetable numerous virtues for the body and known for a long time.
Indeed, since ancient times, it has been used for its medicinal properties, especially urinary tract infections.
Celery and celeriac are ancestors of the same plant, known as marsh ache.
Rich in vitamins A, B and C celery is aromatic but also excellent for treating rheumatism.
Celery has depurative virtues, diuretic, digestive and stimulating for health.
In addition to its taste qualities, it is appreciated for its health benefits.
As the leek, celery is a diuretic and aids digestion. It will also bring you vitamins C!