Jerusalem artichoke or Helianthus tuberosus belongs to the same family as the endives, the lettuce and the sunflowers: the Asteraceae.
Several varieties of Jerusalem artichoke exist. Depending on the variety, the color changes. It can be white or yellow or even purple or pink like “Rouge du Limousin” or “Violet de Rennes”.
You can enjoy this tuber from November to April. The production of Jerusalem artichoke is mainly provided by France, Germany and the Netherlands.
It is also nicknamed "Winter artichoke", "land pear" or "Canada truffle".
Discover this delicious root vegetable, beneficial to the health of our body.
Read also: how to grow Jerusalem artichoke well
Jerusalem artichoke, for the record:
The term Jerusalem artichoke comes from a people in Brazil, the "Tupinambas".
Jerusalem artichoke is native to North America.
It arrived in France through the explorer, Samuel de Champlain during the 17th century, on a trip to Canada.
During the Second World War, Jerusalem artichoke was a staple food, which replaced potatoes, requisitioned by German troops.
In the post-war period, Jerusalem artichoke was shunned and forgotten by the French because it was equated with a period of scarcity and restrictions.
Today this vegetable is making a big comeback on our plates to the delight of our taste buds.
Jerusalem artichoke, its benefits and virtues for health:
Jerusalem artichoke is excellent for transit. Very effective, it facilitates digestion and regulates transit in case of constipation.
In addition, the very large presence of theinulin, a polysaccharide found in plants, eliminates harmful bacteria present in the colon. And on the contrary, it preserves the bacteria in our intestinal flora, which are beneficial to the body's defense.
Jerusalem artichoke contributes to weight loss, thanks to inulin. Jerusalem artichoke is an excellent appetite suppressant. It quickly induces an effect of satiety, thus avoiding any snacking.
Jerusalem artichoke preserves our health.
It reduces the level of bad cholesterol in favor of good cholesterol. Thus it preserves our arteries and limits the risk of the appearance of cardiovascular illnesses.
Jerusalem artichoke is an excellent disinfectant.
Jerusalem artichoke brings many elements: magnesium (17 mg / 100 g) and calcium (14 mg / 100 g) for bone health and preservation. Jerusalem artichoke is therefore an excellent preventive againstosteoporosis.
It also offers iron, excellent for transporting oxygen in the blood and cells. And to fight anemia.
As well as potassium (429 mg / 100g), for the regulation of blood pressure, muscle contraction and the transmission of nerve impulses.
But also phosphorus (78 mg / 100g), as well as sodium (4mg / 100g).
Vitamin C present in Jerusalem artichoke is a very good anti-oxidant which protects our organism from free radicals, from cellular aging in sstimulating the immune system.
Jerusalem artichoke provides other vitamins in smaller amounts: group B vitamins and vitamin A.
It is recommended for nursing women, as it promotes lactation.
Precautions: Jerusalem artichoke can cause some gas and stomach aches. Some do not digest it very well.
Jerusalem artichoke in the kitchen:
It is 4 times less caloric than the potato. Here is a perfect vegetable for your diet.
Its glycemic index being low (15), Jerusalem artichoke can easily be part of the diet. diabetics. This is because it does not lead to a spike in blood sugar (blood glucose levels).
Its taste is similar to that of the artichoke, hence its nickname "Canadian artichoke".
We can eat it just as well raw than cooked.
We like Jerusalem artichoke, steamed, mashed, au gratin with cauliflower, in ratatouille or an omelet.
It is also very good in soups and soups.
As a starter, you can to grate and season it as you wish.
It is also baked in the oven, on a drizzle of olive oil, to which we add some spices.
Jerusalem artichoke goes very well with mushrooms.
> Try the excellent Jerusalem artichoke velouté with smart gardening truffles
> Also try the Duck parmentier with Jerusalem artichokes.
Jerusalem artichoke flowers are eaten in salad.
In salads, Jerusalem artichoke is excellent with lamb's lettuce and a good lemon vinaigrette.
Stir-fried in a pan, Jerusalem artichoke accompanies your meats.
Try the many Jerusalem artichoke recipes to garden smart
Hand tip about Jerusalem artichoke:
Storing Jerusalem artichoke: this fragile vegetable can only be kept for a few days
in the vegetable drawer of your refrigerator.
Clever gardening peeling advice: the very "quirky" shape of Jerusalem artichoke does not make it easy to peel. For less difficulty, leather the Jerusalem artichoke with the skin on. The latter will come off quickly.
Read also: how to grow Jerusalem artichoke properly