Rubber or ficus elastica is a very attractive houseplant, valued for its beautiful foliage.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Ficus elastica
Family : Moraceae
Type : Houseplant
Height: 3 m indoors
Ground : Green plant soil
Exposure : Light without direct sunlight
Foliage : Persistent
We know this name well for the latex of rubber, but it is sometimes not known that it is a beautiful houseplant.
This tropical plant dread the atmosphere too dry and will benefit from receiving a maximum humidity to compensate for this lack.
- It must be located in a bright room, but should not be exposed to the sun.
- He likes temperatures between 15 and 25 °
- It should be watered when the land is dry, but not abundantly and always withwater at room temperature.
- Finally, avoid moving it too often, as it will take time to adjust to its new environment.
Bring moisture to the rubber:
In addition to regular misting of the leaves, the potted rubber can be placed on a 2-3 cm bed of clay balls that will be filled with water so that the evaporation brings moisture to the leaves.
Ficus elastica, rubber that loses its leaves:
Enough common in rubber, it is normal when it comes to regular losses and in limited quantities.
But in case of leaf loss, first check if it is watered well.
- It can also be linked to a change of place or pot.
- He can too running out of light, in this case give it more light.
- Rubber loses its sheets when its roots soak in water for too long.
He should quickly gain strength.
Leaves of rubber that turn yellow:
It is often the result of a red spider attack.
- It will then be sufficient to treat with a biological miticide sold in garden center.
- Avoid chemicals, especially in indoor plants
- Find our sheet dedicated to fight against red spiders
White marks on the leaves:
This is usually the result of mealybugs to which rubber is very sensitive.
- Find out how fight against cochineal in rubber.
The ficus is a plant of tropical origin that needs water but is afraid of excess
- At least water 1 time per week, while waiting for the soil is dry between 2 waterings.
If your interior is rather dry, especially in summer, we can water more often, but always waiting for the soil to be dry on the surface between 2 waterings.
On the contrary, in winter, we can space the watering a little more.
Feel free to spray water regularly on the foliage, this will improve the quality of the foliage and prevent the leaves from drying out, especially in winter when the heating is running at full speed
Also, a regular leaf cleaning using a damp cloth or wipe will do your ficus a lot of good.
Rubber pruning, ficus elastica
No pruning is essential even if the ficus elastica supports pruning very well.
- By regularly trimming the rubber you would allow it to branch out.
- You can prune it 1 to 2 times a year, rather in late winter and late summer.
It is unnecessary to cut back the branches too severely, lightweight size is enough.
- This will make it possible to have a more beautiful and dense foliage.
To know about rubber, ficus elastica
Rubber is a tree of the Moraceae family that can grow up to 40 meters in its natural environment but, rest assured, hardly exceeds 3 meters as a houseplant.
The term Ficus means fig tree and it brings together almost 1000 different species that we also find in different forms, whether they are shrubs, trees and even lianas.
In France there are about twenty varieties present as houseplants, the best known and most common being ficus benjamina. But there is also this superb ficus elastica known as rubber and the ficus retusa, which is very often grown as bonsai.
Ficus elastica rubber should not be confused withHevea brasiliensiswhich gives another form of rubber, called the latex.
Smart tip about rubber
Be careful, the rubber sheets are toxic by ingestion because the rubber they contain causes irritant reactions, including for animals, dogs and cats.
Read also :
- Advice and maintenance of ficus benjamina
- Advice and maintenance of ficus ginseng
- Plant and harvest figs of the ficus carica
- All about the ficus forever