Gaulthérie: cultivation, pruning and maintenance advice

Gaulthérie: cultivation, pruning and maintenance advice

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Wintergreen is a beautiful evergreen shrub that offers beautiful red berries in winter.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Gaultheria procumbens
Family : Ericaceae
Type : Shrub

: 15 to 20 cm
Exposure : Partial shade
Ground : Heathland

: Persistent -Flowering : Spring

The wintergreen or gaultheria procumbens is a small sub-shrub, cousin of heather and blueberry which belongs to the Ericaceae family.

Wintergreen grows in Canada and the northeastern United States. Its leaves are oval, leathery and, when broken, emit a strong medicinal odor, identical to that of meadowsweet.

The small white flowers of wintergreen give bright red berries, aromatic and sweet.

  • Read also: all the health benefits of wintergreen

Planting wintergreen

We plant wintergreen preferably lying down in autumn, but the plantation in spring is quite possible for subjects purchased in containers.

Wintergreen loves acid soils and will therefore enjoy heathland.

  • For the constitution of a bed of wintergreen, space each plant 1 m in all directions
  • Prefer shaded areas at the hottest hours of the day
  • Follow our advice planting shrubs.

This shrub adapts perfectly to the pot culture for your terraces and balconies, in heather shrub beds or isolated.

  • To cultivate a lying wintergreen potted on balcony and terrace mix 1/3 of potting soil with 2/3 of heather soil and make sure that the bottom of the pot is well drained and pierced.
  • Water regularly in hot weather or prolonged drought
  • Avoid full sun

Combine wintergreen with other shrubs:

Its need for acidity, shade and well-drained soil brings wintergreen closer to heather plants such as azaleas, hydrangea, camellia, heather or rhododendron.

Maintenance of wintergreen

Wintergreen is easy to maintain and requires very little care, especially when properly established.

  • No pruning is therefore really necessary even it can be useful at times to reshape your wintergreen.
  • If you want rebalance or reduce the antlers, perform this gesture after flowering.

Watering wintergreen:

It should bewater regularly in case of prolonged droughts, especially for wintergreen plants planted in pots. E

n indeed, like all potted plants, wintergreen will have greater water requirements throughout its life and growth.

Good to know about lying wintergreen

This shrub, of fairly slow growth and rounded shape, offers a very beautiful spring flowering particularly fragrant with accents of orange blossoms.

But we know him above all for his red berries which are born in the fall and then remain on the shrub all winter and its therapeutic virtues.

It leaves room for pretty red fruits that allow wintergreen to be colorful from spring to winter.

In addition, with its evergreen foliage, you will appreciate it all the more on your terrace or balcony in winter.

  • The leaves of the lying wintergreen give off a delicate odor when crumpled.

Use of lying wintergreen

The Indians used a lot of wintergreen to relieve back pain, headaches (headaches), rheumatism, fevers but also colds.

We use the essential oil, very fragrant, of wintergreen to treat back pain, tendonitis, osteoarthritis, rheumatism
or muscle contractures such as lumbago.

Its virtues are recognized and appreciated by all those who have had to suffer from muscle and joint pain and who have tried it.

Wintergreen, thanks toanalgesic action methyl salicylate, reduces pain and thereby improves muscle tone.

It is used as a massage, diluted for example with ’oilarnica or any other vegetable oil.

  • Wintergreen has very powerful anti-inflammatory effects and digestive. Another benefit: its tannins make it a antidiarrhoeal.
  • Wintergreen leaves are extracted from essential oil which is used to prepare liniments against muscle aches and the neuralgia like sciatica.
  • This essential oil is also used for flavor toothpastes, drinks and drugs.

> Other uses of wintergreen:

The red berries - which are white on the inside - are edible. Their methyl salicylate aroma is very strong when raw.

> Toxicity of wintergreen:

If you are allergic to aspirin, do not take wintergreen.

  • Also read: all the health benefits of wintergreen

Smart tip

Avoid planting it in a place where water is stagnant in the soil because it likes well-drained soil.

Video: Bonsai Tutorials for Beginners: How to trim Bonsai for maintenance 3 of 3 (June 2022).