Gardening

Japanese medlar: our cultivation advice


The Japanese medlar, which is not to be confused with the common medlar, is cultivated as well for its fruits as for its leaves.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name: Eriobotrya japonica
FamilyRosaceae
Type: Fruit shrub

Height
: 1.5 to 3 m
Exposure: Sunny
Ground: Ordinary

Foliage
: Persistent -Flowering: Fall -Harvest: Spring

Japanese medlar plantation

The Japanese medlar is ideally planted in autumn or spring, always outside of periods of frost and hot weather.

If you crashin spring, take care to water regularly the first year after planting

  • The Japanese medlar needs sun but also likes partial shade
  • He fears strong winds but also places that are too confined
  • An amendment during planting improves the yield of blackcurrant

> Also find all ourplanting tips.

Caring for the Japanese medlar

Once properly installed, the Japanese medlar requires almost no maintenance.

In the fall and spring, add somefruit tree fertilizerin order to stimulate fruiting.

We can also clarify the

Japanese medlar disease

The main recognized disease of medlar is scab.

This fungal disease develops when there is a certain coolness (around 12 °) mixed with high humidity. As the temperatures rise, the development of the fungus tends to contain itself.

Symptoms of medlar scab:

Dark green spots are found on the underside of the leaves. We often see blisters on the leaves. Brown spots are also frequently found on fruits once they have reached a certain size.

Treatment of medlar scab:

Treatment with Bordeaux mixture is currently the only effective preventive treatment against this fungus.

  • Start treating the entire tree in early spring
  • Repeat the treatment every 15 days until the outside temperature has reached a minimum of 18 °.

The horsetail manure Also gives excellent results as a treatment for scab.

All you need to know about the Japanese medlar

Whether during fall bloom or spring fruiting, the Japanese medlar is also a very beautiful ornamental tree.

Note that, in French, the spellings "bibacier" or "bibassier" or "bibace" or "bibasse" (feminine) are allowed to designate the medlar of Japan.

We also appreciate the Japanese medlar for its fragrant and very melliferous flowering.

Japanese medlar varieties

There are 3 groups of Japanese medlar cultivars

  • the "Chinese group": Its leaves are thinner, the fruit orange and the pulp orange.
  • the "Japanese group": Larger leaves, a yellow fruit and an ivory-colored pulp.
  • Local selections

Cooking medlars or loquats

The loquat, loquat or bibasse, is the fruit of the Japanese medlar.

We consume the fruit fresh but very ripe. It is not easy to store as the medlar does not keep for long. It is therefore recommended to consume the fruits after harvesting them.

Medlars are used in cooking in different forms such as jam, compotes, or simply pressed into fruit juice.

Japanese medlar leaf tea:

The leaves of the Japanese medlar tree are also used to make tea. Renowned for their antioxidant properties, but also in the fight against type 2 diabetes, these leaves have long been used in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine.

Smart tip

Wait until the fruit is fully ripe to pick it from the tree.


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Video: 4 Garden Myths To Avoid Right Now (October 2020).