Information

Rutabaga: cultivation, sowing and harvesting of rutabagas


Rutabaga, also called turnip cabbage when its flesh is white, is an old vegetable that adapts particularly to cold and humid climates.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Brassica napobrassica
Family : Brassicaceae
Type : Vegetable

Height
: 30 to 40 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich in humus, well drained

Harvest : 3 to 4 months after sowing, from October to March

  • Read also: benefits and virtues of swede

From sowing to harvest, from maintenance to storage, all of these steps are important to have beautiful rutabagas.

Sowing and planting rutabaga

The best sowing time for rutabaga is from March-April under shelter or directly in place from May to July.

  • Rutabaga tolerates frost but provided that the soil is well drained
  • Prefer a sunny location
  • Avoid soils that are too dry and prefer when they are very wet
  • Rutabaga likes soils rich in humus
  • Mulch the soil if necessary to maintain moisture

Bury the rutabaga seeds 1 or 2 cm deep then cover lightly.

  • When setting up, space the rows 30 to 40 cm
  • On the same row, sow every 30 cm
  • Water in fine rain to keep the soil slightly moist
  • The lifting occurs after about ten days.

Maintenance of rutabaga

Once properly in place, the maintenance of rutabaga remains quite simple because it is a plant that requires little care.

You can settle for the minimum and see your rutabagas mature without worry.

  • Remember to weed and hoe around the rutabaga so as to allow the water to penetrate the soil well
  • Mulching of leaves or dried mowing helps to keep freshness during the summer
  • In winter the leaf mulching proves to be very effective in protecting it from freezing

Rutabaga harvest

The rutabaga is a biennial and generally flowers only the 2nd year of cultivation for a harvest of the roots from the 1st year.

When harvesting, the swede should be firm and heavy. The average harvest per m2 is estimated at around 4 kg.

Rutabagas from fall and winter is harvested as needed and stored in a rather cool and ventilated place.

  • Rutabaga is keeps better when left in the groundeven all winter long.
  • Tear them off preferably in dry weather
  • By putting them in very dry sand, you will keep them longer.

Storing rutabaga

It is easily keeps for several weeks, preferably in the cellar or otherwise in a rather cool and dark room.

You can also leave your rutabagas in the ground during the winter, even if the harvest becomes difficult in the event of prolonged frost.

For winter swede, you can leave it in the ground until March provided they have been sown as late as possible.

  • For a conservation of a few days, choose the vegetable drawer of your refrigerator.

Cooking rutabaga

Rutabaga is used like turnip but it must be cooked longer.

  • Start by washing the rutabaga thoroughly, brushing it under running water if necessary.
  • Peel the rutabaga and cut it into 2-3 cm pieces
  • Avoid consuming the heart of the rutabaga if it is slightly brown

Boil a large pot of salted water:

  • The cooking time of the rutabaga can be up to 1 hour
  • Leather until the rutabaga is tender in its heart
  • To check if it is well done, prick with a sharp knife that should dig in easily
  • Drain

All you need to know about rutabaga

We lend him medicinal, diuretic and digestive properties, especially for its ability to "wash" the intestine. It is also high in fiber and vitamin C and very low in calories.

Rutabaga is thought to come from a hybridization between turnip and the kale.

Rutabaga in the kitchen:

Rutabaga is popular for its pronounced nutty flavor.

Rutabaga is cooked rather cooked, as well mashed as a gratin and even fried such as the potato could be.

You can pair it with other winter vegetables like turnip or carrot. It can also be added to our winter dishes like a pot au feu.

Note that it is often easier to peel the rutabaga with a knife than with a vegetable peeler. The thickness of the flesh makes it more difficult to exercise ...

  • Read also: benefits and virtues of swede

Smart tip

Be careful not to let the soil dry out, water generously during the hottest months.

Video: How to Grow Parsnips from Seed (October 2020).