The mirabelle plum, magnificent from spring to autumn, offers abundant harvests of mirabelle plums.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name: Prunusdomestica subsp. syriaca
Type: Treefruit tree
Height: 5 to 6 m
Ground: Rich enough
Foliage: Expired -Flowering: Spring -Harvest: Summer
Read also :
- Plum: health benefits and virtues
Planting, maintenance and pruning are important to avoid disease and ensure proper development of your mirabelle plum.
Planting of mirabellier takes place preferably atautumnor tospring, always avoiding periods of frost.
Thebest planting time rest autumnbecause this is where the conditions for recovery in the spring will be the best.
The mirabellier is self-fertile and therefore does not need a companion to grow well.
- The Mirabellier likes rather sunny situations but dreads the hot weather.
- Avoid planting a mirabelle plum in the south.
- The contribution of compost or another amendment during planting is a real plus for the recovery and growth of the mirabelle plum.
- Water regularly the first year after planting.
- To ensure agood developmentat your mirabellier, see ourplanting advice.
The pruning of the mirabellier aims above all to give it a good framework. It is necessary cut to a minimumbecause plum trees are susceptible to injury and disease.
After each intervention, therefore apply ahealing puttyof the Norway tar type to protect it from disease.
Formation size of Mirabellier:
You can practice atraining sizethe 1st year to form the frame of the tree.
- Training pruning takes placein winter, outside the frost period.
- To do this, prune your mirabellier so that there are 3 or 4 main branches facing outwards.
After the plum harvest:
This maintenance size takes placethroughout the winter, but outside the frost period.
- Once you have harvested the mirabelle plums, remove thedead wood and fragile branches.
- Remove the fruits that are left on the tree, often diseased, and destroy them.
- Finally,remove rejections, that is, the shoots that develop at the foot of the tree.
After pruning, a healing putty helps prevent fungi and diseases from infiltrating the tree.
The mirabelle plum is subject to certain diseases and parasite attacks.
Thus, aphids remain the main enemy of the mirabelle plum. Findhow to effectively fight aphids.
In prevention, certain organic treatments such as sprayingnettle manureor fromhorsetail manureare effective in strengthening the plum's defenses and avoiding certain fungi.
Finally, when mushrooms likerotten plums (moniliosis) orrust, there are suitable treatments.
- Fruiting will be more abundant if the tree is amended with manure in the fall and fertilized with a fruit tree fertilizer in the spring.
Harvesting and conservation of mirabelle plums
The mirabelle plum harvest takes place during the summer but the period varies as much depending on the varieties as the climate in your region.
It's important todo not let the mirabelle plum ripen too much on the treebecause they end up falling and rotting on the ground.
Keep the mirabelles:
Unfortunately, it is difficult to keep mirabelle plums for very long and that is why it is recommended to consume them quickly.
- To slightly increase shelf life, keep them cool in the refrigerator.
- Avoid handling them too much and piling them up because the mirabelle plums are fragile.
To know about the mirabellier
Subspecies of plum tree common, the mirabelle plum offers delicious plums, small in size and yellowish in color.
Among the most common varieties, note the Mirabelle de Nancy (golden yellow plum), and the Mirabelle de Metz (reddish yellow).
The mirabellier is also an ornamental tree because itsflowering is generousIn early spring.
But it is especially appreciated for its high productivity because the mirabelle plum is capable of producing more than 100kg of mirabelle plums per year.
Mirabelle plums are both juicy and rich in vitamin C, fragrant and ideal for cooking because they stick well when cooked.
- Also find our delicious homemade plum jam recipe
Smart tip about Mirabellier
Amulchingat the base of the tree prevents the growth of weeds, protects the roots from cold in winter and from evaporation of water in summer.
Also find the diseases and insects that affect the mirabelle plum:
- Rust: orange brown pustule under the leaves
- Aphids: the leaves curl up and lose their original color
- Scab: brown spots on fruits and leaves
- Moniliosis: the mirabelle plums rot on the mirabelle plum
© Marc, © Chocorange