Native to the Andes, the chinchilla has long been hunted for its fur.
Now domesticated, it is one of the popular new pets (NAC).Here is some information and practical advice to take care of it.
The chinchilla in summary:
- Rodent, herbivore.
- Color dark gray to light gray with white belly. Many mutations exist such as white, beige and black.
- Its fur is dense (20,000 hairs per cm2) and uniquely soft.
- Weight between 500 and 800 grams for a length of 25 to 30 cm (7 to 15 cm for the tail).
- Life expectancy 10 to 20 years.
- Two litters per year are possible from 8 months with 1 to 4 young (gestation 112 days, weaning at 3 months).
- Although adorable and affectionate, when well socialized, the chinchilla is not not an animalrecommended for children.
- Apprehensive by nature, he does not appreciate being in constant demand. It takes time and perseverance to have a good bond with him.
- Fragile, it must be handled with care. We do not hug a chinchilla, we let it lay flat on the palm or the top of its hand, clearing its legs and tail.
- Lively, curious and fearless, he brings joy to a house with his big ears, his black eyes and his irresistible face. It does not emit any odor.
Feeding the Chinchilla
The Chinchilla is a digestive sensitive herbivore, it should be given only dried vegetables.
- Hay to regulate its transit.
- Granules for chinchilla (avoid mixtures of seeds which can cause deficiencies).
- Fruits or dried vegetables.
- Dried flowers like rose buds that he loves.
Cut carrot or apple slices and put them in the oven for 3 hours at 150 ° C on baking paper.You will get delicious vegetable chipsto give to your chinchilla.
Purchase of the cage and accessories:
Which cage for a chinchilla?
Choose a suitable cage size:
Climber, jumper and particularly agile, the chinchilla cage must be higher thanlarge.
- We recommend a minimum height of 1.30 m with a length of 80 cm and a width of 50 cm.
- The bars must be vertical to avoid injury.
Properly arrange the cage:
Chinchillas need accessories to meet their specific needs.
- A bottle for water.
- A bowl for food.
- A hay rack.
- Different shelves in untreated wood or plastic.
- Nibbles to allow him to wear down his constantly growing teeth (salt block, hazelnut sticks, etc.)
- A hut perched high up for sleeping and hiding (or a flowerpot).
Bath soil: essential for chinchillas
- A tub containing bath soil (or special Chinchilla sand) should be placed in your chinchilla's cage for it to roll around in. This daily sand bath allows him to eliminate excess sebum, limit yeast infections and de-stress.
The chinchilla needs to exercise. Offer her outings to a secure room. The bathroom may be fine, as it contains little to destroy.
Mistakes to avoid with chinchilla
- Cardiac, do not put a wheel in its cage.
- Diabetic,do not give it sugar.
- Sensitive to change of temperature, place its cage away from drafts and out of direct sunlight.
- Born not shoot on the chinchilla tail, it comes off very easily.
- Avoid stress chinchilla, because it will lose its hair in clumps and send out jets of urine while screaming.
Cost of a chinchilla
Gray chinchillas:100 to 130 euros
According to the mutation(black, beige, white, etc.): 150 to 200 euros.
Note that a chinchilla can live without a companion.
“Our pets are angels in disguise who have come to earth to teach us gentleness. "