Chinese cabbage is a vegetable popular for its elongated leaves, which are both low in calories and delicious in taste.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Brassica pekinensis and Brassica chinensis
Family : Brassicaceae
Type : Vegetable, biennial
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Fresh, deep and moist and rich
Harvest : July to February depending on varieties
Also called Peking cabbage, we eat 2 main varieties, Pe tsaï and Pak choi
Sowing, planting cabbage
The step of sowing or planting a young plant is important because it conditions the emergence and resumption of your Chinese cabbages.
Chinese cabbage sowing:
Chinese cabbage is sown during summer.
- In a very loose soil, sow in place in the months of June to August
- Space the furrows, 1 cm deep, 30 to 40 cm between the rows
- Protect the seedlings with a shade sail in the event of hot weather
- Keep the soil slightly moist
When you see the first leaves appear, you can thin out by keeping the most vigorous plants every 30 cm or so.
If you buy pre-formed plants, planting can take place throughout the summer and even into early fall if your climate permits.
Caring for Chinese cabbage
Easy to care for, Chinese cabbage is especially afraid of early flowering which would prevent the formation of the apple.
- Chinese cabbage has shallow roots, which means keeping the soil always cool to prevent the plants from drying out.
- Water regularly but moderately in fine rain to maintain good humidity.
Chinese cabbage harvest
Growing Chinese cabbage takes about 2 1/2 months before harvest.
- Wait until the heart has reached the size of a beautiful apple before harvesting your Chinese cabbage.
- Cut close to the ground with a sharp blade
For a winter harvest, quite possible in the Mediterranean region:
- Cabbages must imperatively be headed before the first frost.
- Place a mulch of dried leaves at the base of the Chinese cabbages to protect them from possible frost.
Chinese cabbage diseases
If your Chinese cabbage is struggling to grow and the leaves start to wilt, they may have cabbage maggot.
- There are galleries at the collar
- The solution comes by setting up an anti larva barrier around the plants
Other diseases and parasites:
Chinese cabbage can be affected by themildew. Moisture is the main cause of the development of late blight.
- Avoid watering the foliage
- Do not tighten the plants too much to ventilate the foliage as much as possible
- Find our advice for fight against mildew
Note also that Chinese cabbage can be the target of aphids and, of course cabbage worm.
For these 2 pests, avoid at all costs chemical treatments that may contaminate your vegetables and the soil in which they grow.
When plowing, providing your cabbages with nutrients (fertilizer, manure compost and algae) will stimulate growth and improve your harvest!
- Find all cauliflower growing tips
- To read also, Brussels sprout growing tips
- And finally, all tips for growing broccoli cabbage